Inuvik is located on the Mackenzie River Delta at 68°21'N and 133°43'W, 1086 km northwest of Yellowknife and 1931 km north of Edmonton.
The town of Inuvik was created in 1954 when the federal government attempted to relocate the entire community of Aklavik, which had just undergone severe flood damage (Aklavik remains today). Construction took place over the next several years. The town’s population and the economy expanded considerably in the late 1970s and early 1980s as a result of a massive oil exploration program in the Beaufort Sea. The boom went bust by the mid-80s when oil prices collapsed. A Canadian Forces Base closed in 1986, dealing a blow to the town’s economy.